The beret itself has roots in various countries around the world, each with its own style. The French version for example, is slightly different than a Scottish or Spanish beret. But typically, the hat has been made of affordable felt since its beginnings, lending itself to a variety of different demographics.
The classic French artist beret's aesthetic dates back to the 1500s, when it was the hat of choice for Europe's poorest class due to cheap manufacturing. Rembrandt's paintings depicted himself and farmers wearing the flat topped chapeau. In the mid 1800s, Basque military figures in Spain wore discintive red berets during the Second Carlist War. Later during WWII, French resistance fighters donned the beret. The Special Forces division of the U.S. Army has long been indentified as they "Green Berets," too.
That may just be the most interesting thing to note about fashion's favorite hat. Unlike many other fashion pieces that come back into style in a major way during certain times, the beret has long had a dichotomy between creative freedom and war, quite unlike any other garment or accessory. Artists, actors, poets and writers have long been associated with the hat, while it's also clear that political leaders and dictators from around the world have embraced the style.
"I think that's why, since the 1960s, the beret has been adopted by rebels and rabble rousers," Campbell explains. "It combines classic cool with a dangerous edge."
In a world where political activism is more visible than ever before, the beret may be fashion's antidote to complictness.